International Kimberlite Conferences (IKCs) are special events which take place every 4-5 years. The first IKC was held in Cape Town in 1973 and was heralded as a major breakthrough in symbiotic cooperation between industry and academia. Subsequent to the first conference, IKCs have been held in: Santa Fe, New Mexico (1977); Clermond-Ferrand, France (1982); Perth, Western Australia (1986); Araxa, Brazil (1991); Novosibirsk, Russia (1995), Cape Town, South Africa (1998); Victoria, Canada (2003); Frankfurt, Germany (2008); and Bangalore, India (2012). The 11th International Kimberlite Conference is to be held for the first time in Gaborone, Botswana in 2017. This coincides with the 50 year anniversary of the discovery of economic diamond deposits in Botswana.