Commercial Waste Wood
Construction & Demolition Waste Wood
Untreated wood-based packaging (pallets, crates, transport bases) and cable drums are ideal for material recycling. Recycling treated, non-hazardous wood materials from joinery activity and manufacturing processes with more extensive processing is also possible.
Treated, non-hazardous wood from renovation and demolition activities (softwood fence panels/posts, timber components) can be considered for material recycling. Materials must be sorted from wooden objects that can be potentially hazardous (decking, external doors, joinery, cladding, fascias).
Household/Municipal Waste Wood
Untreated softwood or hardwood beams and natural wood furniture (kitchens, tables, shelves, wardrobes) that have not been coated or veneered can be recycled into new products. Treated, non-hazardous wood items (doors, plywood frames, staircases) that have not been exposed to rain or excessive moisture can also be considered for material recycling.
The waste streams described require various processing steps, but the removal of contaminants like metals (nails, fixings), plastics, stones, ceramics and glass is always necessary for the cascading use of wood. Untreated, natural wood (Wood A) is the easiest type of wood chip to be recycled into new products today, but developments in recycling processed wood (Wood B) open up even more opportunities in material recycling. A vital step in improving the recyclability of engineered wood: waste wood needs to be sorted by type (MDF, plywood, OSB, etc.) to create clean mono-material fractions.
Waste wood types and material processing
There are many types of wood that are suitable for recycling or the incorporation of recycled wood content. They include softwood, hardwood, particleboard, orientated strand board (OBS), plywood and medium-density fibreboard (MDF).